IAED releases new protocol in response to active assailant shootings

Contact Kris Berg
(800) 960-6236 ext. 116

The International Academies of Emergency Dispatch® (IAED™) announces the release of a new Police Protocol in immediate response to recent events involving firearms and other weapons used against multiple victims.

Police Protocol 136: Active Assailant (Shooter) of the Police Priority Dispatch System™ (PPDS®) addresses random attacks initiated by active and often unknown assailants at places offering unrestricted access to potentially large numbers of victims, such as movie theaters, shopping malls, and school campuses.

Jeff Clawson, M.D., IAED co-founder, made the announcement in response to recent active assailant incidents and the mitigating factors of protocol when applied during these types of events.

 “We’re able to provide a potentially lifesaving protocol so soon after these unspeakable tragedies because of the research and work we had already done in situations involving active assailants,” he said. “As always, our goal concerns the better protection and safety of emergency responders and citizens everywhere.”

This protocol can be used by all communication centers, whether or not they are licensed PPDS, FPDS, or MPDS users, although the information contained within the protocol cannot be incorporated into any 3rd party products or CADs, modified in any way, or re-distributed for any other uses. 

 Protocol 136 was developed by the IAED with the assistance of the National Tactical Officers Association and in association with PPDS users from California, Colorado, New York, Maryland, Florida, North Carolina, Washington DC, Canada, and the United Kingdom.

The protocol reflects current and evolving tactical philosophy of rapid deployment following reports and verification of an active assailant in the act of using a deadly weapon to seriously injure and kill victims at random. It gives EDs the ability to provide lifesaving Pre-Arrival Instructions (PAIs) to callers and through specific caller interrogation give all responders—law enforcement, fire, and medical—vital information about what they might expect on scene.

“The rapidly changing situation can quickly overwhelm the capacity of emergency services,” according to Chris Knight, IAED Director of International Police System and Standards. “This places 9-1-1 in a critical role with the ability to help influence a more positive outcome.”

Specialized Key Questions assesses on scene risk: What type of weapons are involved; Do the suspects appear to be wearing bullet proof vest(s)/body armor; Did you see the suspects carrying anything; Did you hears the suspects say anything; When was the last time you heard shots fired.

PAIs appearing within the Key Questions of Protocol 136 prepare the caller for possible escape or defense, or move them to a confined space with the ED describing ways to further safeguard the space from the shooter’s continued assault.

“The instructions can prevent a panicked caller from making the situation worse,” Knight said. “If the caller cannot leave the scene safely, the ED can provide options. Callers can take cover in a room with a locked door, for example, or in extreme cases, be prepared to fight for their lives.”

For more information, go to the IAED Web site at www.emergencydispatch.org/ and click on the “LEARN MORE” link inside the box at the top of the page highlighting the Protocol 136 Update. Complete instructions are available on the page dedicated to Protocol 136 and the IAED response.